Dog Breeds – main information

Sporting Dog Breeds

The Sporting Group consists of pointers, setters, retrievers and various kinds of spaniels. As the dog breeds were developed for assisting hunters, they are usually very lively, make great companions and do their best to please their masters. It can be a trove for an active family, as these dog breeds will be happy to go swimming, hiking or jogging with you. Their friendly and obedient character makes it pretty easy for the novices to cope with them and provided efficient and regular training doggies from this group will be nice and obedient. However, be sure to get them walked at least twice a day to have their excessive energy put out.

Sporting Dog Breeds

Potential problems with timidity or neurotic behaviour can be solved by means of early socialization. These dog breeds have good health and can live up to 15 years. Unfortunately, recent demand on dog breeds of this group resulted in conveyor-like breeding which inevitably affected their endurance. Below you can find the description of some of the most popular sporting Dog Breeds. Labrador Retrievers are the number-one dog breed on the American Kennel Club list.

These tender and gentle beasts are devoted friends to whom you could safely entrust your children. They are also great guide-dogs for the blind and mobility assistance dogs and helpers for the hearing impaired. Their good nose makes them perfect not only for hunting down preys, but also for narcotics and bomb detection.Golden Retriever are loyal friends and make good seeing-eye dogs, too. They often stay puppy-like for a long time, but you should start training them at an early age. At least a couple of exercise sessions a day and they’ll put up with living in the restricted area of you apartment being left alone for the whole workdays.

Cocker Spaniels, both the English and the American dog breeds can boast thick and silky hair while their owners can moan about the compulsory everyday trimming the coat tangles. These dog breeds have an open nature and a good sense of humour. Regular training is required. German Shorthaired Pointer are athletic gun-dogs that need a lot of free space to survive. As their coat is short and flat, practically no grooming is required. This dog breed is quick-witted and devoted.

Vizslas are next on our popular sporting dog breeds. These animals are sweet and affectionate. Their sporty appearance suggests that they will need a good deal of exercises. Vizslas don’t like to be left alone and can become neurotic and destructive when left unattended for long. The strongest of the sporting dog breeds is Chesapeake Bay Retriever. And it is not only about the muscular strength. Let your Chessie know his place in the family or your position of a master will be questioned. This dog breed makes excellent watchdogs, but strict requirements to training will be hard to observe for a novice. If you haven’t found the best dog breed for you here, go through our site to get to know.

 

Working Dog Breeds

Rottweilers

The breeding of working dogs has produced intelligent, courageous and kind dogs that make great family pets and loyal companions. As the name suggests, Dog Breeds of this group were developed to help their masters performing different activities, such as shepherding and protecting livestock, guarding property, assisting physically disabled people, performing rescue procedures and even serving in police corps. Most of these dog breeds become very attached to the family and will suffer from lack of attention.

The Working Dog Group encompasses most of the guard dog breeds as well as sled dog breeds and herding dog breeds. They are characterized by muscular appearance and need regular exercises from an early age to outlet their bustling energy.

Letus take a closer look at some of the most popular dog breeds of this group.

Good-natured and playful Boxers get the top line of this list. Not only can they be excellent guard dogs, but also will make affectionate friends to the whole family. Originally developed for bull-baiting, this dog breed has lost the aggressive traits and will love your kids devotedly.

Rottweilers form another popular family dog breed. These active and witty dogs will need thorough physical and mental stimulation to realize their great potential and feel happy about life, which is hard to achieve in city life. Rotties are commonly used by the police as their courage and intelligence are the qualities most valued there. Strong territorial instincts can be manifested in aggressive behaviour towards anyone presenting threat to the family members.

Doberman Pinschers

Doberman Pinschers were specially bred to guard property and make great police dogs and watchdogs as they are brave and faithful. Professional training is highly recommended for this dog breed, especially in the first years of their life, and inexperienced dog owners can have difficulties training Dobermans on their own. However, they are also great family pets.

The Great Danes were developed in Germany, and not in Denmark, as one could think, and were used to guard Medieval castles of their lords. These sweet giants have aristocratic manners and will give you all the love and attachment of their big hearts.

Three more dog breeds that we can’t but mention in our review are the St Bernard, Newfoundland and Mastiff. Used by Roman legionaries during their campaigns, these dog breeds are very devoted to their masters, and their sharp senses have helped save lives of thousands of people during on-land and water rescue operations. These dog breeds are very obedient, so don’t overdo with training until they are grown-ups. Explore our site for more information on Just like people, all the dogs are personalities. Some dog breeds may be more teachable and even-tempered by nature, other dog breeds are nasty and exuberant, but it does not mean that training particular dog breed is senseless. Reasonable approach is sure to bring positive results, and our article will help you do it.

Naturally, your chances of bringing up an obedient dog are bigger if you start at an early age. Socializing and training puppies of all dog breeds assures better response: you’ll not only teach your pet new tricks, but also prevent aggressive or destructive tendencies in it.

Inexperienced dog owners often tend to think that loud voice or authoritative tone are helpful – and here they are mistaken; no one likes being yelled at, and everyone would prefer a dialogue to one-way communication, and dogs are not an exception. Don’t forget that certain dog breeds can even turn vengeful. Be humane and calm, use positive motivation and try to make training kind of a game that’ll please both you and your dog – and you’ll find that friendly relationship is a cornerstone of effective interaction.

If you are angry with your pet thinking that it is stubborn, make sure that’s really unwillingness to cooperate and not confusion, fear or even sickness that has made your dog behave improperly. Remember that dogs live in the moment and will not understand why you are scolding them for wetting the carpet several hours later the wrong-doing actually occurred. Better try prevent the misbehaviour.

Another tip is to avoid using the pet name in reprimands so that it would not be associated with punishment. Nor give the pet too much attention as it misbehaves: most dog breeds would thrive on it and get mischievous again.

Keep in mind that dog’s way of perception differs from ours, too. Don’t use complex commands consisting of a number of words, as this may confuse your dog: better say “Sit!” or “Down!”, and not “Sit down!”. The more words you pronounce, the less likely is the dog to understand. Don’t waste time repeating commands for hundreds of time; one command should meet one response.

Praise your dog and it’ll reward you with feedback, whatever dog breed it might belong to.

 

Herding Dog Breeds

The Herding Dog Group is the youngest of all formed by detaching Herding Dog Breeds from the Working Group. Dogs belonging to it used to be resourceful and really irreplaceable shepherding and protecting cattle and sheep; nowadays their intelligence and energy are used in the police and rescue services, and demonstrated during obedience trials. The list of most popular Herding Dog Breeds includes German and Australian Shepherds, Shetland Sheepdogs, Collies, Pembroke Welsh Corgies, etc., some of them are described in more detail below.

German Shepherds, or as they are also called, Alsatians, are among most popular dog breeds in the world. Primarily developed as farm and herding dogs, they served in the German army during World War I and were very much valued for their loyalty, reliability, courage and even temper. This dog breed makes excellent guards, seeing-eye dogs, rescuers and – family pets. A little tip: make sure your Alsatian gets proper physical and mental challenges and does not lack your attention.

Shetland Sheepdogs present another dog breed of the group. It is sometimes unclear where these small pets take all their bustling energy from; they seem to have a little engine inside that keeps them agile and playful all the time – and they would do best with active owners. If you decide upon this dog breed, give it enough exercises so that it could adapt better to city living. Shelties are very teachable and respond well to reward-based training.

The dog breed brought to England by Queen Victoria, Collie, is witty and friendly.It has a great potential and is a very able learner, – however, in case they lack society, Collies can turn a real disaster. The same litter can bring two varieties of the dog breed: Rough-coated and the Smooth-coated ones, the latter being more active. Collies have a perfect ear and make good watchdogs.

Just like Collies that experienced a boom of popularity after the ‘Lassie’ movies had come out, Old English Sheepdogs became very famous starring in Disney pictures. Good humor and lovely teddy-bear appearance puts Bobtails (as this dog breed is also called) to be the center of everyone’s attention and they enjoy it. Yeah and the gorgeous coat will need as much grooming, too.

Australian Cattle Dogs come next in out list. These are real workaholics that will only be happy if provided job to do – and they will do it well. If you manage to show a firm hand training the dog, your cattle will get first-class herding. However, it’s not the best family pet.

Dog Breeds

All Dog Breeds

Toy Dog Breeds

There’ve been many controversies as to defining criteria for assigning dog breeds to the Toy Group. Experts from different kennel associations, pet owners and lovers have been debating whether all tiny dog breeds belong to this class just because of their size and whether they really can do nothing except for satisfying the eye. The group name suggests that the dog breeds forming it were developed as pets and are not intended for service. Another term commonly used and only adding to the confusion here is the “teacup” or “tiny toy” dog breeds referring to miniature adult dogs. However, it is not officially recognized and can’t be seen as some reference definition.

These dogs are irreplaceable for people living on their own and will keep good company for the sick and elderly. Their size lets them fell free and easy even in small apartments and get a good deal of exercise simply running around the house.

Read on to check the list of most popular toy dog breeds! Yorkshire Terriers are the most popular representatives of this dog breed. They are very energetic and like to walk outside. As most of the other toy dog breeds, Yorkies get along well with children who are not too young and inquisitive, as thoughtless handling may cause harm to both of the little ones. Recently, this dog breed’s become quite popular among celebrities who treat them as a kind of fashion accessory. This dog breed is considered safe for people with allergies as it does not shed.

Toy Poodle is a tiny and very cute dog breed. Besides, they are teachable and can be trained as circus and show dogs.

One of the most popular dog breeds of the group is the Shih Tzu (Lion Dogs in Chinese). According to the legends of Tibetan Lamas, these vigorous and playsome dogs can turn into lions. Despite this, Shih Tzus cannot be called aggressive. Though no fables of the kind can be told about Chihuahuas, the smallest dog breed in this group, these pets are extremely self-assured and can attack fearlessly dogs of much larger size. In the family ambiance, anyway, this dog breed becomes most friendly and charming.

The Papillons, being one of the oldest toy dog breeds in Europe, will close our list. Keep in mind that efficient and timely training can make this lively dog breed with the speaking name (Papillon stands for ‘butterfly’ in French) a great companion for walks and travel.

The hound dog breeds were specially developed by many centuries of careful selection to be great hunting dogs. Two types of hounds are usually distinguished basing upon what senses they use when finding the game: Scent-hounds (for example, Bloodhounds, Beagles and Basset Hounds) hunt by smell, Gaze-hounds (or Sight-hounds, such as Afghan Hounds, Russian Wolfhounds (Borzoi)) use their sight, some do both.

Hound dog breeds present a variety of appearances depending on the type of prey they originally were meant to chase. Sharp senses and intelligence helps these dog breeds become good police dogs able to detect drugs and bombs more accurately than the best machines can do. On the other hand, such sensitiveness to everything that’s going on around distracts them from performing masters’ commands during obedience training.

Kind-natured and somewhat goofy-like Bassett Hounds can be a bit slow to obey, but on the other hand their deliberateness let people follow their dogs on foot during hunts. This is a most reliable and faithful of all the dog breeds.

Beagles, one of the most popular hound dog breeds, are devoted, calm and friendly. Their sociability makes them good companions and family dogs. Beagles will not object to another pet in the house. Important: remember to keep this dog breed on leash as their inquisitive nose can lead them far away during walks.

The latter observation is also true for Bloodhounds, who have the sharpest sense of smell of all dog breeds: as soon as they pick up the trail, no obedience commands will matter. Presumably their name comes from the expression ‘blue bloods’ meaning that this is a pure dog breed developed specially for hunting.

Afghan Hounds belong to ancient dog breeds perfectly adapted to hunting in extreme weather conditions. They are very enduring and need to be given at least half an hour of intense training a day. This dog breed has a sharp eye and makes great house-dogs. Though Afghans have long hair they do not shed much and are seen as “hypo-allergenic”.

‘Borzoi’ means swift and brisk in Russia, the country where same-name dog breed originated from. Another name for the dog breed is Russian Wolf-hound, explaining that Borzois were used to hunt wolves. Try not to let the dog off-leash as their eagerness to bring best prey to the master could lead them far from house yard. In general, however, it is a very well-mannered dog breed.

Some more famous dog breeds of this group include the Dachshund and Rhodesian Ridgeback (or African Lion Dog).

 

Non Sporting Dog Breeds

Non Sporting Dog Breeds

The variety of dog breeds forming the Non-Sporting Group is really diverse. Here most interesting dog breeds of different appearances and characters can be found, so no general description will probably do. In this article we shall probably just review most popular representatives of the group and let you make conclusions for yourself.

Standard Poodles are the most intelligent and teachable not only among their close relatives, Miniature Poodles (included in this very group) and Toy Poodles (classified as a Toy Dog Breed), but also among all other dog breeds. These elegant and athletic-looking dogs could put an impressive list of jobs on their career history: standard Poodles are used for retrieving fowl from water, searching truffles, giving performances in circus and obedience competitions, etc. They will also be glad to accompany owners doing sport.

Shar-Peis are just irresistible with their loose skin that looks like wrinkles, yet protects them from attacks of more aggressive dog breeds. Widely known as Chinese Fighting Dogs, Shar-Peis are not at all battlesome but can be dangerous opponents if disturbed. Stubbornness sometimes makes obedience training of this dog breed a challenging affair. Shar Peis are hunting and herding dogs, too.

Sportive and lively Bulldogs grow up to become even-tempered and good-natured adult dogs that in spite of their gloomy appearance make gentle and affectionate family pets. English Bulldogs are kind of a symbol of Great Britain. Don’t deprive this dog breed of your attention and it will pay you back with love and loyalty.

Boston Terriers may mislead you with the name, however, this is not a Terrier Dog Breed. Their ancestors include English and French Bulldogs and white Bull Terriers. The dog breed is perfect for older people as Bostons are easy to look after, playful, trainable and make great companions.

Another great indoor dog breed is the French Bulldog. Though being rather active Frenchies don’t require much exercise apart from regular daily walks keeping them fit and preventing excessive weight gaining. It is one of the few dog breeds that cannot swim so watch them not to fall down in your pool.

Bright looks and open-mindness makes Dalmatians another popular dog breed of the group. These dogs are very enduring and will love taking part in sport activities like jogging and hiking. They have also proved to be great herding sheep, guarding property, assisting hunters and even starring in feature films.

 

Hound Dog Breeds

Newfoundland

The hound dog breeds were specially developed by many centuries of careful selection to be great hunting dogs. Two types of hounds are usually distinguished basing upon what senses they use when finding the game: Scent-hounds (for example, Bloodhounds, Beagles and Basset Hounds) hunt by smell, Gaze-hounds (or Sight-hounds, such as Afghan Hounds, Russian Wolfhounds (Borzoi)) use their sight, some do both.

Hound dog breeds present a variety of appearances depending on the type of prey they originally were meant to chase. Sharp senses and intelligence helps these dog breeds become good police dogs able to detect drugs and bombs more accurately than the best machines can do. On the other hand, such sensitiveness to everything that’s going on around distracts them from performing masters’ commands during obedience training.

Kind-natured and somewhat goofy-like Bassett Hounds can be a bit slow to obey, but on the other hand their deliberateness let people follow their dogs on foot during hunts. This is a most reliable and faithful of all the dog breeds.

Beagles, one of the most popular hound dog breeds, are devoted, calm and friendly. Their sociability makes them good companions and family dogs. Beagles will not object to another pet in the house. Important: remember to keep this dog breed on leash as their inquisitive nose can lead them far away during walks.

The latter observation is also true for Bloodhounds, who have the sharpest sense of smell of all dog breeds: as soon as they pick up the trail, no obedience commands will matter. Presumably their name comes from the expression ‘blue bloods’ meaning that this is a pure dog breed developed specially for hunting.

Afghan Hounds belong to ancient dog breeds perfectly adapted to hunting in extreme weather conditions. They are very enduring and need to be given at least half an hour of intense training a day. This dog breed has a sharp eye and makes great house-dogs. Though Afghans have long hair they do not shed much and are seen as “hypo-allergenic”.

‘Borzoi’ means swift and brisk in Russia, the country where same-name dog breed originated from. Another name for the dog breed is Russian Wolf-hound, explaining that Borzois were used to hunt wolves. Try not to let the dog off-leash as their eagerness to bring best prey to the master could lead them far from house yard. In general, however, it is a very well-mannered dog breed.

Some more famous dog breeds of this group include the Dachshund and Rhodesian Ridgeback (or African Lion Dog).

 

Mixed Dog Breeds

Mixed Dog Breeds or Hybrids, also known as Designer Dogs, are a cross (usually in the first generation) between two purebred dogs (but sometimes these are also multi-generation crosses).

Being carefully selected for hundreds of years to display most clearly certain characteristics and features according to fixed standards, pure dog breeds can exhaust their genes, become weak and develop hereditary diseases. Mixed Dog Breeds, on the other hand, experience the so called hybrid vigor and are usually stronger and much more enduring. In distinction from mutts, whose ancestry is unknown, Mixed Dog Breeds have documents supporting their background that you can study.

American Canine Hybrid Club recognizes all hybrids of pure dog breeds registered properly. However, be ready to get a pig in a poke: you cannot be 100% sure that a cross will produce combination of the very qualities you would like to see in your pet. Research the information on prospective parents and check if there’s anything you are totally against of (for example, heavy shedding).

Crossing dog breeds of different groups (between the 7 commonly recognized ones, Working Dog Breeds, Sporting Dog Breeds, Herding Dog Breeds, Hound Dog Breeds, Terrier Dog Breeds, Toy Dog Breeds and Non-Sporting Dog Breeds, assuring numerous variations) will amaze you with results not only in terms of size and coloring, but also temperament and abilities. It produces such interesting new dog breeds as Beagos (Beagle + Golden Retriever), Cockineses (Cocker Spaniel + Pekingese), Doodles (Dachshund + Poodle), Basschshunds (Basset Hound + Dachshund), Fo-Tzus (Shih Tzu + Toy Fox Terrier), Goldmations (Dalmatian + Golden Retriever), Pekepoos (Yorkshire Terrier + Poodle) and many others. It is not occasionally that another name for these Hybrid Dog Breeds is Designer Dogs. Some pups are so cute and unique that can be an important supplement to your style.

Becoming a dog owner means a commitment for life, so be careful and responsible making a choice.

 

Different Breeds – Different Feeding

Statistics shows that millions of dollars are spent on pet food every year. The market is flooded with various products claiming to be fully balanced and nutritionally complete for every dog breed. However, the slogans are often confusing and contradictory, so what is written on a food package does not always correspond to its content. The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) has issued a standard of diet stating proportions of different components to be included in a healthy pet diet. Yet again, research shows that what can be right for one dog breed is at the same time dangerous poison for another dog breed.

The matter is, different dog breeds were developed in diverse climatic conditions and used for different purposes. Some dog breeds are heavy shedders and need more coat producing nutrients, other dog breeds are very energetic so should receive more caloric food and bone building stuff. Two dogs of the same weight can have absolutely different eating requirements, as need for nutritional support for all dog breeds is different, as well as energy levels, etc.

It’s not only about the amount of food that you give: many other factors are involved. Each and every dog breed has physical and temperamental qualities distinguishing it from other dog breeds. Compare Hound Dog Breeds and Terrier Dog Breeds, Herding Dog Breeds and Working Dog Breeds and you will see that their lifestyle is different.

The set of requirements for nutrition of every dog breed has been developed and preserved over centuries and generations just like the dog breeds’ appearance and character have been. Some dog breeds have inherited allergies or diseases that restrict their food ratio.

Do not give your pet table scraps as supplements and preservatives can cause problems with digestion in dogs. On the other hand, don’t forget that quality of dry food depends directly on its cost: premium-class brands use ingredients of better quality.

Another issue to be considered is diet for puppies, who due to the rapid growth need almost two times more nutrients per pound/kilo of food than adult dogs do.

Pay due attention to your pet’s nutrition, consult a vet, try to have a schedule and make meals regular, make sure there’s enough fresh water in the dog’s bowl and ensure there’s no exercise right after food intake.

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