- 1 Breeding Betta Fish
- 2 Aeration for your Betta Fish Tank
- 3 Types of Substrate for your Betta Fish
- 4 How to choose the Right Dealer when buying your Betta Fish
- 5 Common Mistakes in Betta Fish Care
- 6 Why Betta Fish Fight Each Other
- 7 Betta Fish Care
- 8 Simple Tips for Caring for Your Betta Fish
- 9 Tips for Keeping Your Betta Healthy and Colorful
- 10 Frequently Asked Questions on Betta Fish
Betta fish are fascinating in that they are beautiful in an ornamental way, and just observing a Betta fish, they seem to have so much life force and spirit. Betta fish come in every color imagined, sometimes solid colors other times rainbow colored. They are vibrantly colored fish with long, flowing tails. Their tails come in many shapes, single tails, double tails, fringed tails and veil tails.
Males are more colorful and have longer fins then the females, rounder in appearance and often bright iridescent. Being very colorful and longer tails, as the color help them display strength against rival males. Betta Fish are very aggressive over their area, and will fight until there is a clear winner for territory. This is displayed by the lesser male will hide, or just to another area of safety. Since in enclosed tanks, male Betta fish can not jump to safety after loosing a fight the rumors have started about Betta fish fighting to death. Thus earning the name Siamese fighting fish.
Betta fish have distinct personalities and characteristics that make them unique, and it becomes fascinating to watch them and learn each Betta fish’s individual personality. They have their favorite foods, favorite places to hide and can even experience depression.
Anyone can own a Betta fish, and often a very good pet for a first-time pet owner, since they require little space and are low maintenance. Betta Fish are fresh water tropical fight that do best in shallow waters and warm temperatures, and are also known to be very hardy.
Breeding Betta Fish
A good tank is also the one which can retain a temperature conducive to the fish. At all costs, temperatures should not go below 74 degrees farenheit (23 degrees Celsius). It can cause harm to the immune system of your Betta making them easily vulnerable to number of diseases.
All in all there are many types of tanks which would make a good home for Betta fish but few things need to be taken care to make the life of your fish much longer and healthy. The dazzling beauty of the Betta fish make them a choice of many fish lovers but imagine what will happen if a couple is kept together during breeding time? They will never get along with each other and the female will just escape at the sight of the male, hiding behind any plant or coral inside the tank. The question then arises “How does breeding take place?” The answer is that nature has provided them with unique ability and traits of breeding.
- Firstly, both male and female should be similar in size and kept in separate tanks.
- Secondly, they should be provided highly nutritious food that includes flake food and live brine shrimp.
- Lastly, the quality of the water must be maintained to ensure cleanliness and the whole environment should be as natural as possible.
Once they are properly fed and attain good health, then it is time to make them get acquainted with each other. Place their tanks at close proximity to each other enabling them to observe one another for a few days. Avoid placing the male in with the female to begin, before allowing him to enter into the breeding aquarium.
As soon as the male gets himself acquainted to his new home for one hour or so, place the female in a hurricane globe and then place them together in a tank.
Closely observe if they are showing any interest with each other. If they are seen flaring, this means it’s a positive sign and the male will start building his bubble nest. At the same time female fish too will begin forming stripes on her body. This introduction generally takes 24 – 48 hours. Just before it gets dark inside the tank, release the female.
The male then follows the female and begins to nip at her fins. This act sometimes becomes so violent that it can damage the fins. Its a very natural process; both fish will also be seen gracefully dancing with each other.
When the female is ready to breed then she will approach the nest and will show deep interest in whatever male fish is doing. When both the male and female are ready to breed, the male would wrap his body around her. The fish will seem paralyzed for few moments. Don’t worry! This process will continue many times until female has released all her eggs.
In due course of time, the eggs will hatch and “fry’s” will emerge. The male Betta is the only one that shows interest in the development of the eggs. He tends to get very possessive and makes sure nothing goes wrong, delicately picking the fallen ones from the bottom. He stays with the “fry’s” to protect them until they start swimming.
If you notice the male eating the small ones, he has to be immediately taken out of the tank. There is of course the possibility for the fry’s to develop at the bottom of the tank, if there is no risk to them from any other water animal or fish.
Aeration for your Betta Fish Tank
Having an aquarium in your living room is not only an attractive addition, but also the most delicate and vibrant system in which life is enthused through your skill, efforts and vision. Watching beautiful fish in an aquarium is equally exciting as watching other events in life. Keeping and maintaining them is an art rather than a science for many. Of course, there are some technical aspects associated with it.
If you want your Betta to swim happily and remain healthy, it’s very important to pay added attention to the fine details and techniques of keeping fish. Start off with making a provision of aeration in the tank.
What is aeration? Why it is so important and how can it be provided? Have a look below to make sure your pals have a happy and healthy life.
The natural habitat like rivers and lakes have a large surface area where fish and other marine animals can swim freely. They have an adequate amount of oxygen for their survival, but aquariums on the other hand have a smaller surface area making the movement of fish somewhat restricted.
This makes it imperative to make alternative arrangements to provide oxygen for survival of the fish. This process is known as ‘aeration’. Aeration is basically the circulation of air.
Aeration can be provided in an aquarium with the help of air stones connected to an air pump. When the air pump forces air into one end of the air stone, bubbles are released. Air stones are made from a highly porous substance.
Another method of providing aeration is through filters. The air bubbles released through filters provide aeration by breaking the surface tension of the water. In those filtration systems where air bubbles are not used, separate attachments need to be used to provide aeration.
Bettas have a breathing organ known as ‘labyrinth’ that allows them to take in oxygen from the air that helps them to breathe even if the amount of oxygen in the water is less. The ability of taking in oxygen this way also helps Betta to breathe without a problem even if ammonia is present in the water. As we know, ammonia reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity of water making it risky for many species. This clearly indicates that aeration is not essential for the Bettas.
However, it is also clear that the ‘labyrinth’ is not their primary breathing organ. Tanks usually have limited space and are generally covered making it difficult for Bettas to come to the surface. It’s in scenarios like this where the use of a filtration system is required.
Through aeration, Betta’s can get adequate amounts of oxygen ensuring a healthy and longer life. Moreover, aeration devices like air pumps, air-flow valves and air stones double up as great hiding places for your Bettas. You need to know that Bettas don’t adapt very well to strong water currents. So, when you use an aeration system, make sure to have smaller air bubbles in the tank for your gentle Bettas.
Types of Substrate for your Betta Fish
If you need to add glamour and exotic appeal to your aquarium, then don’t forget to add substrate. There are many types of substrate and the most appropriate one is sure to add beauty to your tank, making it more lively and enticing to watch.
There are several types of substrate to choose from: fine sand, gravels, rocks and marbles. Choosing one also depends on the type of aquarium you have and the environment you have set up.
The choice of substrate also depends upon how regular you are with the replacement of water. For example, if you are changing the whole water in your tank regularly, then marbles are a better option. Sand creates a lot of mess around the tank, while marbles can be easily cleaned.
If you have a large aquarium which has undergone a nitrogen cycle, fine sand or gravel bring out the beauty.
For the most common Betta bowls and aquariums, ‘Epoxy Coated Aquarium’ gravel is the most popular. It comes in different sizes and colors and is relatively cheaper too.
Since pebbles and river stones look beautiful in their natural surrounding, they appear beautiful in your aquarium also. They are available in different colors, size and shapes. You can easily get these stones and pebbles from nearby fish stores. However, they are more expensive than gravel. You need to be careful while selecting them to ensure they are not toxic.
Sand could also work great in your aquarium, giving it a natural look. It is preferably used in the cycled tank that does not require draining. The sand gently settles at the bottom, while water can be cleaned by putting a siphon just half an inch above the bottom layer. It’s quite simple.
Many substrates are specially designed for ‘planted aquariums’, particularly ‘Seachem’s Fluorite’, which is very natural in appearance. It’s made up of iron and is good for plants. The same is true with dark, rich colored ‘Eco-Complete Planted Aquarium’ substrate that works equally well.
Another popular substrate is the gravel which comes in different sizes (angular, round or sharp). Gravel that is coarse or sharp-edged can injure the fish. If there are course graded stones, the uneaten food can get trapped in the gaps which may pollute the tank. Removing leftovers stuck inside gravel could be a tedious process. But it has to be done as it can be hazardous to your Bettas health.
For a soft water aquarium, gravel that is free from lime is recommended. The lime content of the gravel can be checked by adding some quantity of vinegar to it. If you notice gravel fizzing, this means it contains lime. Gravel is available in different colors as well. Black gravel looks very attractive in comparison to others. It’s advisable to go for dark colored gravels as the light colored ones may make the Bettas apprehensive and shy.
Whatever substrate you choose, make sure it is favorable to your tank and goes with its decor.
How to choose the Right Dealer when buying your Betta Fish
Just imagine the colorful Betta fish swimming in your tank gracefully, helping to make the whole environment of your home serene. Now, imagine if these fish can become a part of your home! Wouldn’t that be nice? I’m sure it will.
Nowadays you can find aquariums everywhere you go, offices, shops, clinics and in the home. The demand for these fishes is on the rise and thus the rise for the need of a good dealer.
There are countless stores to find the fish and tanks of your choice. The tech savvy can always turn to the internet. However, choosing the right dealer requires a lot of effort.
Only a few years ago there were merely a dozen breeders in the United States who offered Bettas for sale and they were the most trust-worthy. Now, with popularity and a rise in competition between dealers, there has been a sudden surge of breeders who adopt various means to advertise and sell their stock.
Sites pertaining to Bettas fish are on the rise. With so many dealers and stores available, a crucial questions is bound to arise, “Which is the right one?”
Here are a few pointers that would help make your choice:
- The most important of all is the dealer’s reputation. You need to check if the dealer has achieved anything in selling Bettas. For example, has he/she gained sufficient reputation in the arena of care and preservation of Betta fish?
- You also need to see since how long this seller has been in this profession i.e. is he or she very experienced or have they recently started this business. It has been noticed that many dealers remain in this business only for two to three years and then quit. Only dealers who have crossed this three year mark are actually successful and stick for much longer time in this business. They’re the ones who have gained tremendous knowledge about the fish business and every aspect about Betta’s care and preservation.
- Transportation or shipping of fish is something that is often overlooked. There is a need to check whether the dealer has experience in transporting Bettas or not. This is very important as even the slight carelessness can kill or cause injury to the fish.
- Ensure that the dealer is IBC affiliated. All reputed and experienced breeders are members of IBC. However, it has also been found that not all IBC members have a reputation to live by. Even new dealers can become members of the IBC. The proof of quality is one thing, but it can’t always be a proof of credibility.
- Professional and good suppliers give proper guidance on feeding habits and maintenance of a healthy environment in the aquarium for Bettas. After, all these are your favorite Bettas and you would like to see them swimming in your aquarium for a longer time!
Common Mistakes in Betta Fish Care
Bettas are a beautiful and worthwhile addition to any home that admires fish. Unfortunately, many people make mistakes in betta fish care. This largely has to do with the amount of poor information given out by chain pet stores. And sadly, some of these mistakes cost the fish its life.
The first mistake in betta fish care that people make is in keeping them in too small of a tank. Just because they are not social with other bettas or gouramis, they do perfectly fine in most community tanks. Just make sure you do not place two males in the same tank unless you have many years prior experience with raising them.
Another mistake in betta fish care that is often made is due to poor advice from the pet store. Many people receive the advice that they should not clean the water very frequently in their betta tank so as not to rid the tank of all of its beneficial bacteria. Contrary to this advice, if you choose to keep the betta in a small tank you should replace the contents every couple days with fresh, dechlorinated water. Harmful levels of ammonia and other chemicals can build up very quickly in a small body of water, especially one that is not normally filtered or aerated.
One of the worst mistakes in betta fish care that new owner’s often make is feeding them too much- especially when they are being kept in 1-2 gallon tanks. Even though most bottles of betta pellets recommend that you feed your fish several times a day, this is way too much food to offer them! Bettas are rather sedentary fish, and they do not require this much. Try feeding them every other day.
Many people assume that just because a betta has the ability to breathe air from the surface using something called a labyrinth organ, they do not need to be given something that circulates the water in their tank. This is an unfortunate mistake in betta care that people often make. Bettas benefit from an aerated tank just like any other fish. If nothing else, it helps keep the water from becoming stagnant.
Why Betta Fish Fight Each Other
Most people are aware of the fact that two male betta fish cannot be kept in the same tank, because a fight will ensue, and will not end before one of the fish is dead. Not everyone realizes that a male can often be kept safely with a female betta, at least until she lays eggs for him to fertilize. In order to understand why this happens, the natural habitat of the species needs to be explained. Bettas are most prevalent in very shallow water found in the rice paddies of Thailand. These waters will only offer sufficient food and shelter for one of these fish. In nature, these fish have evolved to fight for their territory in order to survive living in the wild.
In captivity, when two male betta fish are courting the same female, they will flare up in order to intimidate one another. The gills of the fish will extend away from their body, causing them to appear bigger. Usually, one of the males will give up, swimming away from the situation before any harm is caused. When keeping bettas as pets first became popular, this was not allowed to happen, so the fighting took place. Over time, the fighting was bred into these fish and they seemed to forget their natural instinct to hide. Thankfully, this practice is looked down upon by animal lovers and pet owners all across the country, and this fighting instinct that was bred into these fish is slowly starting to become a thing of the past.
Betta Fish Care
Betta fish are beautiful creatures, as they have long tails and vibrant colors, with no two looking the same. Their unique characteristics and low maintenance routine makes them the perfect pets, especially for children who are still young but are longing for a pet to take home. Fortunately, all you need to get your betta fish set up is a few simple items: a water bowl, conditioning drops and rocks and plants. While betta fish need ample room to swim around, a small glass bowl or tank will do just the trick. Before placing your fish inside, wash the bowl and add a layer of rocks or gems to the bottom.
Betta fish are considered to be easy to care for compared to other fish, because they tolerate water conditions better than their counterparts. However, this does not mean that you do not have clean the water on a regular basis, as this is the most important part to keeping your betta fish happy and healthy. Clean your fish’s water about once a week. Clean water should be cool, but not too cold.
Another important part to caring for your fish is adding conditioning drops, which will neutralize the pH in the water. Adding a few drops will be fine, making the water safe for your little swimmer. Otherwise, let the water sit out for 24 hours before adding it to the fish bowl.
To feed your fish, offer freeze-dried blood worms or betta food. Depending on the food, you will need to feed your betta a few times a day or week. Overfeeding your fish will make the water cloud up faster, so follow the recommendations on the label.
Simple Tips for Caring for Your Betta Fish
Before purchasing a Betta Fish, a home should be created. The Betta Fish’s home can consist of a bowl or glass jar, the important factor is that the it’s home be large enough that he can easily swim without getting caught. There should also be enough surface area at the top of the container so he can get enough oxygen, but also have some kind of covering as they can jump out of their home. It is suggest that rocks and plants and or decorations should be placed in his home because they do like to “hide”.
Betta do best in the cleanest water, but they do not require a filtration system. Instead be prepared to change their water every three days or so to keep the water fresh and cleared of bacteria. The best water for Betta Fish is spring water, that is allowed to sit at room temperature for 24 hours, and keep in mind their favorite temperature is 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit and PH of the tank should be exactly 7.0. There are inexpensive solutions you can buy to treat the water.
Betta Fish should never be put with other Betta Fish, as they are aggressive and will fight, this has earned them the name Siamese fighting fish.
An owner should avoid from overfeeding the fish, and if there is left over food particles these should be removed as it will help to keep the water from being unsanitary. When cleaning their home, make sure to never use soap, even on the decoration, instead use warm water and a toothbrush or something similar to a toothbrush.
Tips for Keeping Your Betta Healthy and Colorful
The splendid coloration that male betta fish exhibit keeps them a staple in the fish hobby. Although, without the proper care and nutrition they will lose their brilliance- sometimes quite rapidly. In order for them to retain their beautiful colors, their basic needs have to be met. In fact, you will find that your betta will display its best side when it is in an eviroment that it is thriving in.
One of the best ways to keep your betta colorful is to feed it a nutrient rich diet. The best way to do this is to prepare your own food, or at least keep a varied selection of store bought foods on hand. You don’t have to purchase only the food that says “Betta Food” on it either! Spice up their diet with items like blood worms, brine shrimp and spirulina. One their favorite treats are flightless fruit flies. These can be bought in large numbers for a relatively cheap price. Just remember that the average betta is not a very active fish so it is very easy for them to become obese. When they are over fed, they will not show their best colors nor will they live nearly as long.
Another key to keeping a betta healthy and colorful is to keep its water clean. Even though bettas are very hardy fish, if your water chemistry gets too far out of whack then they will start to decline in health. When the water quality is poor, your betta is more prone to stress which in turn makes it easier to succumb to disease. Poor water quality can also be attributed to dull coloration.
Frequently Asked Questions on Betta Fish
How Do You Stop Betta Fish From Fighting?
Select a larger fish tank and add some plants. This will give them somewhere to hide when they feel threatened. You can also buy a tank divider that separates them from one another.
Can You Keep Male and Female In the Same Tank?
The male is the more aggressive of the species. You can keep them together but keep a watchful eye on the male Betta. If he becomes too aggressive, they may have to be separated.
How Can You Distinguish the Male From the Female?
Females have a lower bottom whereas males seem to be more supple. Males also have more coloring and the females usually have a white spot on their underside used for breeding.
What Type of Food Should I Use?
Frozen bloodworms, brine shrimps, specialized dry mix from pet stores, or finely diced vegetables like green beans
What Is The Most Popular Betta?
Betta Splendens and Veil Tail. Both of these are the types that you find most commonly in pet stores.
Will the Father Betta Be Violent With Offspring?
During spawning, he will be very helpful. As they get older and bigger though he will become aggressive. To avoid injury or death, they should be separated. You should remove him from the tank after about a week from spawning.
Are High Ammonia Levels Harmful to the Betta?
A high level is not good for the Betta. Change your tank water at least once a week and make sure your levels are not higher than 0.05.
How I Do Water Changes for My Betta Fish.
Betta Fish Tank Guide: Tank Set Up.